The Largest Pyramid In Mexico Has Been Found

Researchers in Mexico have discovered a pyramid that, according to initial measurements, is larger than the Great Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan. Initial excavations were done in 2010.

The Pyramid, 75 meters in height, was explored by specialists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) on the acropolis of Tonina, Chiapas, estimated to be around 1700 years old.

Emiliano Gallaga, director of the archaeological zone, explained that work has been done in the last two years, where researchers verified that in the northeastern part of the site, stands one of the largest constructions in Mesoamerica, comparable in size only to great Mayan cities like Tikal and El Mirador in Guatemala.

Other features that make this “unique” pre-hispanic structure stand out, are the seven platforms that integrate it, with specific spaces intended to serve as palaces, temples, housing and administrative units. It is a unique structure for various specific functions within the social, political, economic and religious assembly, which is not repeated in any other archaeological site of the Mayan world.

“It’s a big surprise to see that the pyramid was done almost entirely by pre-Hispanic architects and therefore is more artificial than natural. This is because it was believed that the entire structure was a natural hill, but recent evidence has revealed that the structure was almost entirely built by ancient inhabitants.

The pyramid is bigger than we had anticipated. The structure is connected by roads, located on top of surrounding elevations.

After all of the information, we can confirm that this pyramid exceeds in height, the pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan which measures 65 meters.”

INAH researchers have determined that the city center had an architectural continuity between 10 and 12 hectares, which is the double of what was previously thought and mainly corresponds to the south facade of the Acropolis, one of the most important Mayan areas known to researchers.

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Archaeologists Made An Incredible Discovery At Stonehenge

Using powerful ground-penetrating radar, investigators working around Stonehenge have detected a trove of previously unknown burial mounds, chapels, shrines, pits — and most remarkable of all — a massive megalithic monument made up of more than 50 giant stones buried along a 1,082-foot-long c-shaped enclosure.

This news is unreal — and it’s resetting virtually everything we thought we knew about Stonehenge. Just a week after finding out that Stonehenge was once a complete circle, archaeologists from Birmingham and Bradford universities, and from the Ludwig Boltzman Institute in Vienna, have shattered the image of Stonehenge as a desolate and lonely place.

After four years of painstaking effort, and by using a magnetometer, a ground-penetrating radar (GPR), and a 3D laser scanner, archaeologists have shown that Stonehenge was once a sprawling complex that extended for miles.

And then there’s the previously unknown “super henge,” a monument located just two miles from Stonehenge. Scans suggest that each buried stone is about three meters (10 feet) long and 1.5 meters (5 feet) wide. The stones are positioned horizontally, not vertically, but it’s conceivable that they originally stood upright like other standing stones. The archaeologists suspect they were brought to the site shortly before 2,500 BC.

The Independent reports :

The c-shaped enclosure – more than 330 metres wide and over 400 metres long – faced directly towards the River Avon. The monument was later converted from a c-shaped to a roughly circular enclosure, now known as Durrington Walls – Britain’s largest pre-historic henge, roughly 12 times the size of Stonehenge itself.

As a religious complex, it would almost certainly have had a deeply spiritual and ritual connection with the river. But precisely why, is a complete mystery, although it is possible that that particular stretch of water was regarded as a deity.

As for the other henge-like Neolithic and Bronze Age religious shrines, they range between 10 and 30 meters (32 to 100 feet) in diameter. Scans also revealed around 20 large ritual pits, each up to five meters (16 feet) in diameter. More than a half dozen Bronze Age burial mounds were discovered, along with four Iron Age shrines or tombs, and a half dozen Bronze Age and Iron Age domestic or livestock enclosures.

Under one of the mounds, the investigators identified a 33 meter (108 feet)-long timber building dated at about 6,000 years old. It was likely used for ritual burials and related practices.

“[The building] has three rows of roof-bearing posts. It is around 300 square metres and slightly trapezoidal, which is interesting because in the same period on the continent, about 100 to 200 years earlier, we also find this type of trapezoidal building related to megaliths [giant stones],” noted Wolfgang Neubauer of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute in a BBC article.

The monuments and structures were not all built at the same time, so the entire complex was not conceived or planned as a whole. Further analysis will reveal exactly how the site evolved through the ages.

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The Matrix of Sarmizegetusa Regia

An ancient bronze matrix, over 2.000 years of age, has just become the most valuable archaeological piece, presented at the Dacian and Roman Civilization Museum of Deva. The matrix was discovered in 2013 and has been subjected to research by specialists.

The outstanding piece was uncovered after a storm, at the roots of a tree that had collapsed within the Sarmizegetusa Regia Archaeological Site, Romania. The matrix is the only one of its kind in Europe and it’s extremely complex.

The origin of the matrix comes from a Dacian jeweller workshop and it’s the center of the most important exhibit scheduled for this year.

“Its importance and value is so great, we have decided the matrix should be displayed alone, in a single, well guarded secured room. Its display has been made in such a way that the visitors can have a more special interaction with the images depicted on the matrix. The show case and the lights make possible a much detailed view of all its facets.” – said Liliana Ţolaş, manager of Dacian and Roman Civilization Museum of Deva.

According to archaeologists, the matrix was used to create decorative pieces from precious metals. The hexagonal shape is encrusted with sculptures representing mythological creatures from the mediteranean region.

“There is a whole series of real and fabulous animals in this matrix, and the very fact it functioned within Sarmizegetusa Regia, in the midst of the roman conquest, tells us that the Dacian mediums resonated with this art that illustrates mythological creatures such as gryphons and other animals. This tells us that the Dacian aristocracy resonated with everything that makes this fabulous universe, no matter the provenience. The art which the matrix illustrates speaks an international language with links within the mediteranean and northern pontic region. It is important that it was discovered and that it functioned within Sarmizegetusa.” – said the historian Gelu Florea.

The matrix weighs approximately 8 kg, with 8 facets, of which the two main ones are of hexagonal shape. Its thickness is of 5 cm. The piece was found in good conditions of conservation.

Historians said that such a piece was quite costly. Its bestiary, rich and fabulous, represented on the matrix, is rich and diverse and composed out of gryphons and real animals such as the lion, the tiger, the leopard, the rhinoceros, the hippopotamus, the bear, the boar, the wolf, the bull, the tur, the antelope and the rabbit. The theme of the sceneries represented on the matrix, displays battles between animals and it’s very old and well spread within vast cultural spaces.

There are three types of gryphons on the matrix: the vulture-gryphon, the lion-gryphon and the wolf-gryphon which is specific for the northern pontic region.

According to historian Gelu Florea, the matrix was created and used in the 1st century B.C. and its presence within the Dacian capital kingdom is another proof of the connection to the artistic and high technological flux of this cultural space in antiquity.


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3.800-Year-Old Statuettes from Advanced Caral Civilization found in Peru

Researchers in Peru have discovered three statuettes and two faces believed to be from the ancient Caral civilization located on the coast north of the capital, Lima.

According to a report on the discovery by the website Phys Org, the statuettes were found inside a reed basket in the ancient city of Vichama in northern Peru, more properly known as Caral, located north of Lima on the Peruvian coast. Two of the statuettes depict a man and a woman, both naked, painted in white, black and red. The people they represent may have been important political functionaries within the Caral society, also known as the Norte Chico civilization. A third statue has 28 fingers and red dots painted on her face, perhaps representing a priestess. Two other items were discovered, both made from mud and depicting women’s faces. They were wrapped in cloth and covered with yellow, blue and orange feathers.

A photo released on June 9, 2015 by the Peruvian Ministry of Culture shows a mud figurine of a face in Lima

The Caral society appeared 5,000 years ago and Caral itself is just one of some 18 ancient settlements in Peru’s Supe Valley. The Supe Valley was initially explored by the German archaeologist Max Uhle in 1905 but the lack of pottery and the deterioration of the visible remains meant that more extensive investigations were not carried out until several decades later. It was only in the 1970s that the hills in the valley, previously thought to be natural, were revealed instead as stepped pyramids, which is one of the distinguishing features of the Caral culture, alongside sunken amphitheatres and large public spaces. More extensive excavations were carried out in the 1990s leading to the discovery of Caral City itself in 2007 by Dr. Ruth Shady.

The ancient ruins of Caral, Peru (Wikimedia Commons)

Caral City covers an area of between 65 to 165 hectares and consists of a complex of pyramidal structures and monuments that can be dated to the Late Archaic period between 3000 and 1800 BC. The largest of these pyramids is 60 feet high, extending to 450 feet by 500 feet at its base, covering the equivalent of four modern football fields. Large rooms on top of the pyramids served as accommodation.

Step pyramids of Caral (Wikimedia Commons)

Dr. Shady calls Caral the ‘Mother City’ of the Americas since it is the oldest urban centre yet discovered in the Americas, predating the societies of the Olmecs, Maya, Mississippian, Ancestral Puebloan, and Aztec cultures. Some features of the Caral society that were later passed on to later Peruvian people include the quipu, a series of knotted strings used for keeping records in the absence of any written language.

Later inhabitants, successors to the Caral civilization, lived their lives in a sustainable fashion, practicing recycling, energy efficiency and sustainable building techniques but the site is still being studied and it contains structures which remain mysterious with regard to their exact function. So far, 12 mounds have been discovered alongside other smaller buildings with large spaces. The city thrived at the same time as other ancient civilizations, such as ancient China, Egypt and Mesopotamia and both cities display the same level of architectural complexity with regard to their organization, pyramidal buildings, squares and other public spaces.

The remains of a circular monument in Caral (Wikimedia Commons)

The Peruvian Cultural Ministry, based in Lima, believes the statuettes were used in religious rituals performed before the construction of new buildings.

Other artifacts found at Caral have included musical instruments such as bone flutes and cornets, often decorated with images of animals and birds. Another interesting feature of the city is its complete lack of evidence of conflict. No mutilated bodies have ever been found there or weapons or fortifications. The Caral culture appears to have been largely agrarian, growing crops such as bean, squash and cotton and maintaining a complex irrigation system.

The city was finally abandoned in 2100 BC but archaeologists have not yet been able to discover why. Its inhabitants may have been absorbed by other cultures in the area.

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An Underground City of Giants in the Grand Canyon?

If only the world’s buried cities would rise up someday…but they won’t. They are almost impossible to find but stories about rediscovered cities once inhabited by a race of giants will always fascinate us.

Amazing discoveries require great efforts or an even greater amount of luck. If we’re to trust early 20th century journalism, we learn that serendipity led to the doorstep of the most famous underground city of giants.

According to an article published in The Arizona Gazette on April 5, 1909, the Grand Canyon was once home to civilization that most likely consisted of individuals of cyclopean proportions. If such a civilization ever lived, surely it would have left behind some structure as a testament of its existence.

The article mentions the discovery of an enormous underground citadel by an explorer named G.E. Kinkaid, who stumbled upon it while rafting on the Colorado River. It is worth mentioning that Kinkaid was an established archaeologist and had financial backing from the Smithsonian Institute.

The entrance to the city was at the end of a tunnel that stretched for almost a mile underground.

“First, I would impress that the cavern is nearly inaccessible,” Kinkaid wrote. “The entrance is 1,486 feet down the sheer canyon wall. It is located on government land and no visitor will be allowed there under penalty of trespass.

[…]Above a shelf which hid it from view from the river, was the mouth of the cave. When I saw the chisel marks on the wall inside the entrance, I became interested, secured my gun and went in.”

The architecture suggested the builders of the underground city possessed advanced engineering skills.

The central hub of the subterranean city was a mammoth chamber out of which passageways radiated like spokes on a wheel. The walls of the main chamber were adorned with copper weapons and tablets covered in hieroglyphic symbols, not dissimilar to those found in Egypt. Another finding that pointed to an Egyptian link were the mummified bodies, by far the most intriguing things inside the citadel.

No mummy measured less than 9 feet and all of them were wrapped in dark linen. Kinkaid wrote he had stood one of them up and photographed it by flashlight, but that photo is nowhere to be found.

Further exploration revealed something about the religion of the city’s giant inhabitants:

“Over a hundred feet from the entrance is the cross-hall, several hundred feet long, in which are found the idol, or image, of the people’s god, sitting cross-legged, with a lotus flower or lily in each hand.

The cast of the face is oriental, and so is the carving of this cavern. The idol almost resembles Buddha, though the scientists are not certain as to what religious worship it represents.”

The article records the discovery of pottery and instruments, all bearing the signs of having originated elsewhere in the world. Such a melange of cultures is rarely encountered in archaeological finds, making this discovery one of unprecedented importance.

The last chamber that awaited exploration was what Kinkaid and his partner, Prof. S. A. Jordan believed to be a ceremonial crypt. It was located at the end of the large room where all the other mummies had been found.

“There is one chamber of the passageway which is not ventilated, and when we approached it a deadly, snaky smell struck us. Our light would not penetrate the gloom, and until stronger ones are available we will not know what the chamber contains.

Some say snakes, but others think it may contain a deadly gas or chemicals used by the ancients.

The whole underground installation gives one of shaky nerves the creeps.”

Unfortunately, the article stops before giving more details about this crucial discovery. In fact, no other official mention of this underground city is ever made. Was it all a hoax or is there something more sinister responsible for the silence?

There are some who believe the story of the subterranean city of giants is true and that a tight lid has been carefully placed on top of the affair.

Conspiracy theorist John Rhodes once said he knew the exact location of the entrance to the city but that it was guarded 24/7 by soldiers carrying M-16 rifles. Another idea floating around the internet said that the underground city now serves as a museum for the shadowy ruling class.

Last but not least and mostly because of David Icke, many have connected the “deadly, snaky smell” with the presence of reptilian humanoids.

Needless to say, the Smithsonian Institute denied knowledge of the existence of such an enigmatic subterranean city, but their disclosure fails to convince everyone. The abundance of conspiracy theories built around the idea that the Smithsonian actively hides or destroys evidence in order to maintain the standard historical viewpoint does little to help the issue.

Due to an acute absence of evidence, it seems that for the moment, the story of an underground city of giants is just that – a story.

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The Quimbaya Figurines

Do you believe in ancient cities made out of gold? Ancient civilizations that were capable of great construction projects with mysterious technology that allowed them to achieve incredible things which engineers today, with our technology, have a difficult time recreating? Well there are many treasure hunters who believe in the legendary City of Gold, El Dorado, Atlantis, etc…they believe that these ancient cities could have actually existed and that they are hidden somewhere under a thick canopy of trees.

The Quimbaya were a pre-colombian culture living in South America from 300 to 1550 CE, they were well known for their incredible skills in very precise gold and metalwork. Among the figurines discovered, some models actually resemble what some believe to be, “flying machines”. Does this sound crazy? Well for some it might, but the figurines created 2,000 years ago might actually be capable of achieving flight (with a couple of alterations).

Even though cities like el Dorado and the city-continent of Atlantis have not been found, many incredible discoveries have been made in South America, specifically near the Magdalena River where artifacts dating back to 1500 years have been found. Among the artifacts, hundreds of relatively small golden figurines were found resembling fish, and insects while some of them may resemble animals in nature but are of mysterious shapes. Many claim that some of these figurines do not depict animals at all, but rather advanced technology, specifically airplanes. Does that sound a bit strange? Well yes it does when you think about the past and the people living 1500 years ago, everyone would go with the “animals”, “insects” theory, but what if there is something more to these figurines?

According to the Ancient Alien theory, the figurines found have almost nothing in common with anything similar found in nature, and the triangular shaped figurines might actually depict something like fighter planes, displaying stabilizers and a fuselage. Now, even though these little figurines that might resemble modern day airplanes to some, they can actually just depict fish, or other animals found in the Tolima region where the artifacts were found. Both possibilities are open. Those who firmly oppose the ancient alien theory will not consider it, while others might consider there is a small chance that the ancient people of the Tolima might have depicted in gold, something rather unusual.

If you decide to exclude the possibility that the Tolima depicted insects or fish, you can connect the shape of the artifact to a aerodynamic object. In Germany aviation experts actually performed physical tests with the Tolima “gold plane”. They actually built a scale-model replica of the artifact and did a few changes, like adding an engine to the front, and removing the curls on the wings which would have made it difficult for the artifact to achieve flight. So with a few modifications this 2,000 year old model did prove to be aerodynamic.

It is pretty amazing to think that a pre-colombian civilization had the skill to achieve a figurines that with only a couple of changes could actually achieve flight. These figurines might have not been designed 2,000 years ago to fly, but they could have been a depiction of what they saw, either in nature, as fish and insects, or perhaps something more extraordinary than that.

Essentially you have something incredible here, and we have to mention that most of the Quimbaya figurines are made up of a “tumbaga alloy” with 30% copper; something that some believe has to do with accounts of Plato and Atlantis, but that is a story for another time. Is this just a coincidence that the model replica of the “Quimbaya Airplanes” could actually fly? And that they display such incredible similarities to modern day objects? According to many, this isn’t a coincidence but proof that ancient man was extremely intelligent. The ancient people actually managed to create a model of a flying device 2000 years ago, that proved to be capable of flight today. Whether they depicted insects or something else, the figurines could achieve flight.

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Neolithic village with 8.000-year-old streets and two-storey houses unearthed | Bulgaria

The remains of 60 large houses – all two storeys high – have been discovered as part of a Neolithic village built 8,000 years ago. The image above shows the extent of the village so far, which is currently being excavated by archaeologists in south west Bulgaria. They have found three parallel streets spread of five acres of land.

The stereotype of Stone Age men was cave dwelling brutes rather than sophisticated town planners who lived in two-storey houses. But archaeologists have uncovered the remains of 60 large houses built 8,000 years ago as part of a Neolithic village, in south west Bulgaria.

Thought to be built by farmers, the part of the village that’s been excavated so far, has three parallel streets with homes spread over five acres (215,278 square ft or 20,000 square metres). The later part of the Neolithic village also features a ditch that could be used as a canal, as a type of port for boats.

Excavation of the site, located near the village of Mursalevo, is underway and has so far yielded pottery and jewellery as well as the fascinating buildings.

It first came to light in 1925 during the construction of a railroad but remained unexcavated until recently, when work began on the construction of the Struma Highway – a main road intended to link the Bulgarian capital Sofia, with the Kulata Crossing on the border with Greece.

Archaeologists from the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences have unearthed prehistoric houses that would have stood 26 feet (eight metres) tall with gabled roofs, Archaeology in Bulgaria reported.

Experts believe that the well-planned village, built between two ravines on the bank of the Struma River and consisting of 60 houses so far, was home to the earliest European civilisation. The experts are excavating less than one third of the village so they are unsure how many there are in total and there may be several layers of simultaneously existing houses.

They are made of wattle and clay with thin walls of eight inches (20cm) despite some of them being as large as 1,076 square feet (100 square metres), Professor Vasil Nikolov, co-lead archaeologist of the excavations told the Bulgarian daily newspaper, Standart. All of the 60 buildings had two storeys and stood 26 feet (eight metres) tall, ‘which attests to high technological advancements at the time,’ he said.

Professor Krum Bacvarov who is co-directing the project with Professor Nikolov, Corresponding Member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, told MailOnline that the ancient people used wood frames and then plastered them with clay mixed with dung.

‘The floor of the second story was constructed of boards, also plastered with clay,’ he said.

There are three main streets running parallel to each other, linking narrow streets with three to four houses on them, laid out to mirror the path of the sun.


  • Location: Near the town of Mursalevo in south west Bulgaria.
  • Size: The 8,000-year-old settlement was large, spreading over five acres.
  • Plan: Its plan is unique in the area and it’s arranged with three parallel streets and a network of smaller lanes.
  • Placement of the roads and houses mirror the path of the sun.
  • There was probably a ditch used as a canal that was used as a port for small boats.
  • Houses: Some 60 houses have been revealed so far.
  • Some two-storey homes stood 26 feet (eight metres) tall and had gabled.
  • They were built from wattle and clay with thin walls of eight inches (20cm) despite some of them being as large as 328 square feet (100 square metres).

Experts believe that the well-planned village, built between two ravines along the banks of the Struma River, consists of at least 60 houses. They say it was home to a community belonging to the earliest European civilisation. This aerial view shows where tall wattle and clay walls would have stood.

The layout is thought to be unique and it’s even believed that there was a ditch-turned canal running through the settlement that was used as a port for fishing boats.

In order to build such as well-ordered town, the ancient people living there must have had a strong societal structure and specialist builders and planners.

Excavation of the site, located near the village of Mursalevo, (marked on the map) is underway and has so far yielded pottery and jewellery as well as the fascinating buildings.

But there is a destructive feature to the town too. The Bulgarian archaeologists have found evidence that some of the houses were deliberately burned down, confirming suspicions of this prehistoric practice, even if they can’t explain why it was carried out.

Experts have argued that parts of several sites around Europe were burnt down in the same way.

Professor Bacvarov of the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology said the act ‘could be a mechanism to cope with certain tensions related to social and or natural stresses.’

He added: ‘During the fire, the floor [of buildings which measured around 15 cm thick] was burnt and fell down, together with all installations – ovens, storage bins, pottery, etc.’

‘We find it covering the remains of what was there on the first floor.’

He explained that individual homes were raised to the ground at different times.

The researchers found evidence that homes were filled with firewood – a scarce resource in the region – meaning that groups of people would have had to work together to fetch it. This suggests the burning was possibly ritualistic and must have been deliberately planned in advance.

Interestingly, the practice has helped preserve some of the houses because the heat from fires baked and hardened the clay walls. The well preserved remains have enabled the archaeologists to build up a detailed picture of what the houses looked like, including their size and placement of beams.

The village was built by farmers who worked the land, raised livestock and sometimes went hunting.

The houses are made of wattle and clay with thin walls of eight inches (20cm) despite some of them being as large as 328 square feet (100 square metres). You can see the boundaries of a house in this image.

It’s likely the ancient farmers followed a religion concerned with fertility and there are graves dating to the end of the sixth millennium BC, with one skeleton buried in a foetal position and covered with stones (pictured).


  • Archaeologists can only speculate about the daily lives of the farming inhabitants of the village 8,000 years ago.
  • But there’s evidence they deliberately burned individual homes down, perhaps as some sort of sacrifice.
  • It’s likely they followed a religion concerned with fertility and there are graves dating to the end of the sixth millennium BC, with one skeleton buried in a foetal position.
  • A later addition to the village – a Thracian sanctuary consisting of 20 burial pits – hold the remains of people including three skeletons of children who were victims of Thracian sacrifice between the 5th and 1st century BC.

It is likely they followed a religion concerned with fertility and there are graves dating to the end of the sixth millennium BC, scattered around the houses. In one grave archaeologists discovered a skeleton buried in a foetal position.

‘This one is late Neolithic and the burial in contracted position was the norm,’ Professor Bacvarov said.

‘What is interesting here is that the deceased was covered with two stones, one of them a quern, and you know that for the early farmers, grinders had deep symbolism related to fertility.’

The team also found an Ancient Thracian sanctuary consisting of 20 burial pits, so far, three of which hold the remains of people including three skeletons of children who were victims of Thracian sacrifice between the 5th and 1st century BC.

‘We have excavated three Late Iron Age pits containing the remains of sacrificed persons: one with an articulated skeleton, another one with just a leg, and a third one with the articulated skeletons of three children thrown in the pit and covered with stones,’ he said.

‘Human sacrifice was quite a common practice in Ancient Thrace, mostly between fifth and third century BC.’

It is thought the settlement was later home to Slavs in the early medieval period between the 7th and 8th centuries. Archaeologists intend to dismantle the homes in order to look deeper underground.

A team of more than 130 people – 30 of whom are experts – are working 10 hours a day and at weekends, because the highway has already been held up by the work. There are plans to modify the route of the road so that an open air museum can be built on the important archaeological site.

The lead archaeologists have been asked by Bulgaria’s Ministry of Culture to propose a plan for the site and the remains may be housed under a protective canopy. Those leading the project have also said that they hope to reconstruct some of the homes to their original size.


  • Archaeologists intend to dismantle the homes in order to look deeper underground.
  • A team of more than 130 people – 30 of whom are experts – are working 10 hours a day and at weekends, because the highway has already been held up by the work.
  • There are plans to modify the route of the road so that an open air museum can be built on the important archaeological site.
  • The lead archaeologists have been asked by Bulgaria’s Ministry of Culture to propose a plan for the site and the remains may be housed under a protective canopy.
  • Archaeologists have said they hope to also reconstruct some of the homes.

Some of the buildings stood 26 feet (eight metres) tall, ‘which attests to high technological advancements at the time,’ one archaeologist said. This image shows the fallen floor of the second storey with some decorated installations. That house was almost 62 ft (19 metres) long.

The village was probably built by farmers who worked the land, raised livestock and sometimes went hunting. Decorated pottery has been found (pictured displayed at an exhibition) as well as the fascinating buildings.

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