Louis de La Vallée-Poussin (Histoire du monde. Indo-européens et Indo-iraniens. L’Inde jusque vers 300 av. J.C.): “The inhabitants of northern Lower Danube can be regarded as the places of origin of Indo-European languages, meaning the ancestors of Humanity.”
The word “Arya” in Sanskrit means “good”, “noble”, “civilized”, while in Rumanian the words “Aria” means “Area” and “Arat” means “Ploughing” bringing us to the idea of agriculture where the word “Tărîm” means “Land”, while in Turkish the same word “Tarım” means “Agriculture”. In the Vedic culture we have goddess Tara representing the Universal Mother as a personification of the whole earth, while in Romanian we have another word “Țară”, also meaning “Land”. Although certain Buddhist sects and practitioners of Tantra are worshiping goddess Tara, it does not prove she is a product of Buddhism. It seems that there is no literary or archaeological evidence for the existence of Taaraa as an independent Buddhist deity before the Gupta period in India. She was also known as Kalika, Ugra-kali, Mahakali and Bhadra-kali, and was prominent in the Tantric tradition both in Hinduism and Tibetian Buddhism even before Mahavidya emerged as a cult. Within Vedic and Puranic scripture Brahma is described as only occasionally interfering in the affairs of the other devas (gods), and even more rarely in mortal affairs. He did force Soma to give Tara back to her husband, Brihaspati. Tara is also acknowledged as a Pre-Vedic Savior Goddess, known from India to Ireland (Indo-European primal Goddess of Earth). Tara is primarily worshiped in Vamachara and/or Mahachinachara rituals, especially in cremation grounds, battle fields, abandoned buildings or any other solitary place.
Prof. Fabio Scialpi: “I am intrigued by the presence on the territory of Rumania, of a number of many toponyms of Sanskrit resonance.”
Since toponymy is the archaeology of language, I shall present some Rumanian toponyms, as well as other toponyms from Europe and Asia:
Rumanian toponyms: Ramna, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Râmnicu Sărat, Râmetea, Rămeţi, Râmeţ, Râmeşti, Armășești, Arămești, Arad, Arieș, Arieșeni, Ardeal, Argeș, Deva, Devesel, Șivița, Șureanu, Vedea, Videle, Vederoasa etc.
European toponyms: Ramułtowice, Rambouillet, Ramhusen, Ramlewo, Ramsowo, Ramvik, Rumia, Ruma, Rumanová, Rumoka, Rumont, Rumejki, Rumelange, Rumes, Rumenka, Rumohr, Rumbach, Rumhult, Rümligen, Rumney, Rümpel, Rumy, Rimpar, Rimogne, Rimsdorf, Rimsberg, Rimforsa, Rimhorn, Rimini, Arklow, Armaillé, Armamar, Armonk, Armau, Armilla, Armissan, Armancourt, Armancy, Armagh, Armadale, Åryd, Armavir, Devičie, Devičany, Devetaki, Vedemö, Vedebylund, Vedebyskolan, Vedeggio, Vedène, Vedeseta, Vedevåg etc.
Asian toponyms: Ramdala, Ramdevra, Ramdurg, Ramaiah, Ramanathapuram, Ramjibanpur, Devaki, Devaliya, Devalapura, Devala, Devapur, Devathur, Devawas, Devikapuram, Suryapet, Suryamal, Suryanagar etc.
Other Rumanian words coming from the root word “Ar”: Arie (Area), Arc (Bow), Arcă (Ark), Arcuș (Fiddlestick), Arcadă (Arcade), Aramă (Copper), Artă (Art), Arhitectură (Architecture), Armă (Weapon), Armură (Armor), Armată (Army), Arat (Ploughing), Arătare (Vision), Arhaic (Archaic), Arhivă (Archive), Argint (Silver), Argat (Plough boy), Arhanghel (Archangel), Armonie (Harmony), Arpă (Harp), Arpegiu (Arpeggio), Artizan (Artisan), Argument (Argument) etc.
Mark Pagel, professor on Evolutionary Biology, Reading University of London: “Over 10.000 years ago, in the Carpathian region there lived a nation who spoke a unique language, precursor to Latin and Sanskrit.”
To further prove the origin of Sanskrit from the Vedic (Rumanian) language I shall give, not just any words as examples, but specifically those which refer to the theosophical aspects of the Vedic culture, including names of deities and various other words (the first word before the “=” sign is in Sanskrit, while the word after the “=” sign is in Rumanian and/or English):
Karma (Action) = Cârmă (steering wheel)
Chakra = Cerc (circle), Disc (disc), Roată (wheel)
Nāḍī (nerve, pulse) = Nod (node, point)
Prāṇa (breath, energy, life) = Hrană (food)
Ākāśa (ether, sky, heaven) = Acasă (home)
Loka (world, place, region, country) = Loc (place, region)
Śāntiḥ (peace, calm, rest, bliss) = Sînt or Sfânt (saint, holy)
Hare (divine energy) = Har (grace)
Indra (leader, prince) – deity from the Vedic pantheon representing the god of rain/thunder, also considered a leader of Devas (masculine) or Devi (feminine) = Îndrea (Rumanian custom), Undrea (December) or Andrea (sowing needle)
Oṃ (Aum – the primordial sound) = Om (human)
Sūrya – solar deity from the Vedic pantheon = Soare (sun)
Agni – deity from the Vedic pantheon representing the god of fire (also the god of divine wisdom) = A igni (to ignite), Agnita (locality from Southwestern Romania)
Vishnu – central deity from the Vedic pantheon = Vișan (Rumanian surname)
Krishna – deity from the Vedic pantheon, representing the 8th avatar (complete) of god Vishnu. His name comes from the Sanskrit ‘Kṛṣṇa’, meaning ‘black’, ‘dark’, ‘dark blue’ = Crișan (Rumanian surname)
Kaliman (black) = Călimani (Rumanian mountains)
[ it has to be mentioned that Rumanians are also called Vlachs, Blachs (Blaki) and in the Rumanian history there is a Wallachian Voivode called Negru Vodă (Black Vodă). Also the river Danube springs from the Black Forest Mountains and it spills into the Black Sea. The black color represents the germinal element, the beginning, but it also represents the fertile land from the “far north” (the cradle of the gods). Romania is notorious for having the best land suited for agriculture and it was once called “the granary of Europe”. Therefore we have tradition, geography, language and history supporting these facts ]
Mitra (sun, friend, ally) = Mitră (cap, mitre), but it also represents Mithra – the solar deity whose name we find in many Rumanian surnames and names such as Mitran, Mitrovan, Mitrache, Mitru, Dumitru, Dumitrache, Dumitrescu, Dimitrie (Demeter) etc.
Aryaman = Companion, Sun
Arat (distance) = Arat (ploughing), Arăt (to point out, to appear)
Arc (brilliant, shining) = Arc (bow)
Divya (divine) = Divin (divine)
Veda (perception) = Vede (to see, also the name for “Vedas” in Rumanian), Văd (to see), Vedere (seeing, sight)
Sarpa (snake) = Șarpe (snake)
Sara (salt) = Sare (salt)
Sat (entity, essence) = Sat (village)
Barbara (barbarian) = Barbar (barbarian)
Maga (magus, priest of the sun) = Mag (magi)
Mandra (enchanting, charming) = Mândră (proud woman, woman)
Masa (mass) = Masă (mass)
Mala (dirt, dust, clay) = Mâl (dirt)
Apa (water) = Apă (water)
Varsa (rain) = Varsă (pour)
Nas (nose) = Nas (nose)
Supa (soup) = Supă (soup)
Sapta (seven) = Șapte (seven)
Zac (to say) = Zâc (to say)
Data (given, cleansed) = Dată (fem. given, date)
Ras (yell, cry, sound) = Râs (laughter)
Rana (fight, conflict, war) = Rană (wound, injury)
Puti (foul-smelling) = Puţi (you stink!)
Pun (heap together) = Pun (put)
Vanati (aim at, attack, injure) = Vânaţi (pl. hunted)
Samantha (kind of culinary herb) = Sămânţă (seed)
Stapana (place) = Stăpână (landlady)
Straina (feminine, female) = Străină (refers to a woman – stranger, foreign feminine object)
Napat (grandchild) = Nepot (nephew)
Pitr (father, ancestor) = Părinte (parent)
Puru (heaven, paradise, man, abundant) / Purana (mythology, old, ancient, legend) / Purusa (man, soul, spirit, supreme being) = Pur (pure, unalloyed, heavenly, absolute, innocent, immaculate, real)
Balarāma (the Vedic god of shepherds and ploughers) = Bălai (blond), Bălan (Rumanian surname, also meaning blond), but there is also a high number of Rumanian toponyms bearing the names Bala, Bălan, Bâlea, Băleni-Români, Bălești, Balotești, Bălușoaia, Băluța, Bălușești, Bălușeni, Balaci, Bălăceanu, Bălănoaia etc.
Anu (atom, soul, life) = Anu or An (year), but in the Emesh mythology it represents the Sky Father
Mūrta (material, substantial, real, embodied) = Moarte (death)
Svarjit (gaining the light, sacrifice) = Sfârșit (end)
Samsara (cycle of worldly existence; «wheel of life») = Samsar (person who intermediates a business, middleman)
Dyumnasah (having power) = Dumneasa (referring to a person as in “him” or “her”), but it really means addressing the godliness within a person since Rumanians call God by the name of “Dumnezeu”, resembling also the name of the Emesh shepherd-deity Dumuzi(d)
‘Om Hrim Sum Suryaya Namaha’ is a mantra which invokes god Sūrya, where ’namah’ is to be translated by ‘na’ and ‘mah’, meaning ‘nu’ and ‘mea’, having the sense of renunciation, respect or adoration, in Rumanian the word “Nu” meaning “No” and “Mea” meaning “Mine”, so we have two elements, one having the sense of negation, while the other having the sense of property.
To demonstrate the Sanskrit resonance of the Rumanian language we shall use just a quick example:
Rumân (Rumanian), mână (hand), a mâna (to lead/to take action), rămâne or rămână (to remain). Where we observe a similar form which suggests that ‘Rumanian’ also means ‘to remain’, meaning something that persists – continuity. Ramana – Indian name. Ram(a) – Deity from the Vedic pantheon, in Rumanian ‘ramură’ or ‘ram’, meaning ‘branch’.
The Romanian scientific researcher Gabriel Gheorghe according to the University of Cambridge (The Cambridge History of India): “In the 5th millennium B.C., the Getic Carpathian space was the only space inhabited in Europe; The Carpathian, Getic or Wallachian space has represented the OFFICINA GENTIUM in antiquity, it has fueled with people and civilization, India, Persia, Greece, Italy, Germany, France and the so called Slavic space; The Vedas, the oldest literary monuments of humanity were created in the center of Europe. The primary phase of the Vedic culture began in the Carpathians, most likely in Ardeal. From Ardeal come the ancestors of Indians, Persians, Albanians, Greeks, who left for Macedonia and Thessaly, the Latins, Celts, Germans and the ancestors of Slavs, who came out through the Moravian defile.”
In a village situated near the banks of the Danube, from Mehedinți County, Romania, the peasants use the following words to call for ducks or piglets:
For ducks: MANI MANI (with repetition). Where ‘Mani’ resembles ‘Manu’, another deity from the Vedic pantheon, but also a Rumanian name, where Manu = Emanuel (E-Manu-El), in translation ‘He is Manu’. In Sanskrit the word ‘Mani’ also means ‘pearl’ or ‘jewel’. But the root ‘MA’, by repetition becomes MAMA, meaning mother.
For piglets: GANI GANI (with repetition). Where ‘Gani’ resembles ‘Ganesh’, another deity from the Vedic pantheon. The root ‘GA’ is another primordial syllable which means ‘earth’ (Gaia). But in the Rumanian folklore ‘Gaia’ is a goddess representing death as a bird of prey which takes the souls of people after they die.
We have another Rumanian saying: “A dat iama în găini.” Meaning “Iama killed the hens.”, where Yama is another deity from the Vedic pantheon (the God of Death).
These repetitions MANI MANI and GANI GANI resemble the Hindu mantras.
Jawaharlal Nehru, ex-Prime Minister of India (Discovery of India, Bucharest, The State Publishing House for Political Literature, 1956, p. 77 and 73): “The Vedas are the operas of Aryans who invaded the rich land of India. It is likely that the inclination towards agriculture to have been prompted by newcomers, by the Aryans who infiltrated India in successive waves, coming from Northwest.”
Analyzing the flora and fauna described in the Vedic texts, the authors of “The Cambridge history of India” (8 volumes, 1922) came to the following conclusions (volume 1, page 68):
– The primitive Aryans who lived in the temperate zone knew species of trees like the oak, the beech, the willow, some species of coniferous trees, the birch, the linden, and probably the elm.
– Probably they were sedentary, because the wheat was familiar to them.
– The most useful animals they knew were the ox and the cow, the sheep, the horse, the dog, the pig, and some species of deer. It seems that in ancient times they didn’t knew the donkey, the camel, and the elephant.
– Among the birds, we can conclude (from the language) that they knew the goose and the duck.
– The most familiar predatory bird was apparently aquila (the hawk).
– The wolf and the bear were known, but not the tiger and the lion.
– Knowing all of this information, we are asking ourselves if is possible to locate the primitive habitat from where the speakers of this languages had their origins.
– It is not likely that the primitive habitat to be India (how the early researchers are assuming), because neither the flora nor the fauna (how they are described in the language) are characteristic to this region. Less likely can be the region of Pamir, one of the most dreadful regions on Earth. It is not likely that Central Asia (considered to be home of the Aryans) could have been played this role, even if we admit that the obvious lack of water (implying the sterility of several areas) can be a more recent phenomenon.
– If indeed these people knew the beech, they must had lived west of a line that started from Königsberg (in Prussia) and was going toward Crimea and from there was continuing through Asia Minor. In the plains of Northern Europe does not exist an area to fulfill all of these conditions. As we know, in ancient times it was a country covered with forests.
– Is there any part of Europe that combines the farming with the shepherding, which are closely related to each other? Is there any part of Europe with warm areas, which are suitable for wheat crops to grow and in the same time with rich grasslands (necessary for the herds to graze on) situated at high altitudes? Is there any part of Europe that is having all of these and in the same time is having trees and birds too, like the ones mentioned above?
– Yes, it is the area in Europe which is bordered at east by the Carpathian Mountains, at south by the Balkans, at west by the Austrian Alps and Böhmerwald Mountains, and at north by Erzgebirge Mountains and the mountains that are making the connection with the Carpathian Mountains (38, p. 68).
About the term ‘Gitia’ representing the land of Getia (Land of God), we have as a reconfirmation of the sacrality of its name, the Vedic opera Bhagavad Gītā (pronounced ‘Geeta’) which means ‘Song of the Lord’ or ‘Divine Song’ that speaks about the noble Aryans (‘Deva’ or ‘Devi’ meaning ‘The Divine’) who invaded the rich land of India. Also we have the terms Deva/Davo/Dava/Daoi/Dioi/Dai/Daos/Danaoi/Dahae | ΔABO ΨETO – DAB(V)O GETO = ‘The Brilliant’ or ‘The Divine’ or ‘The Wolves’, but they also have the meaning of ‘inhabitants of Davas’, where ‘Dava’ = ‘Fortress’. All these terms are in fact epithets which describe the Getes (Dacians). In Sanskrit we have the word „Daksa” meaning „wise”, „smart”, or „earth”. The word „da” means „mountain” or „protection”, while „ksa” means „earth”, „plain”, „thunder”, „peasant” or „destruction” and it is a well-known historic fact that Dacians were a people „clinging to the mountains”, a nation of shepherds and ploughers.
Gordon V. Childe (1926, The Aryans: A Study of Indo-European Origins): “The primary places of Dacians must be searched on the territory of Romania. Indeed, the placing of the main center of formation and expansion of Indo-Europeans must be made at the north and south of the Danube.”
The Vedic language (also known as Pelasgian language, Sermo-Getic language, the corrupt Latin (vulgar), PIE / Pre-Indo-European language, the common „Indo-European” language or „language of the gods”) became – in time – what is today the Rumanian language, having suffered many linguistic enrichments throughout history, just as any other language which takes thousands of years to develop in the natural course of linguistic evolution, yet this language kept its ingenious originality, being itself one of the greatest gifts offered to humanity as far as the history of languages is concerned. This reality was observed by several eminent authorities during history, but unfortunately history is decided by politics and politics is fueled by petty interests, hatred, envy and other malevolent intentions. Whether these facts presented so far will be ever acknowledged or not, I do not know, but I’ve taken the time to demonstrate a linguistic reality which for most Europeans is simply unthinkable. Rumanian language has many other common words with Sanskrit and also with Hindi, with similar or identical form and meaning, but I only presented those words which I considered most important.
I would also like to point out the fact that some authors have striven to show that certain European languages such as Lithuanian, would have been the cradle of the Aryan language, or that Finnish is the oldest European language. How could that be? One can only make such a hasty assertion only if one lacks the knowledge about the most basic aspects with regards to the ancient European civilization. Where were the ancestors of Finns between 12.000 – 7.000 B.C. during the last phases of the final Würm ice age? Were they developing the oldest European culture under glaciers and walls of ice? The answer should be more than obvious. Geography and the harsh conditions of the northern lands could not have supported the development of human life in those times, let alone the absence of salt in those lands which is necessary for the survival of human life, something that you find only in Romania in abundance, where numerous massifs of salt are to be found. As for the Lithuanian language, nobody will contest its connection to the Vedic language, however that is because the ancestors of Lithuanians are descendants of the Old European civilization (The Danubian Civilization) from the Carpatho-Danubian-Pontic space and the Balkans. Surely traces of the Aryan or Vedic language are to be found in most European languages, but that is because native Europeans have something in common and that is their original cradle from which they had migrated towards all corners of Europe. I would also like to remind the fact that the highest concentration of archaeological finds and the oldest European hominids and humans were uncovered in Romania, something too easily ignored unfortunately. Since the oldest cultures of Europe are to be found, for the most part, in the territories of Romania, Moldova, Ukraine, Bulgaria and Serbia (Cucuteni-Trypillia, Turdaş-Vinča, Hamangia, Gumelniţa, Boian, Monteoru, Starčevo-Criș, Vădastra, Lepenski-Vir, Plovdiv, Karanovo etc.), meaning exactly the countries which form the cradle of the oldest European cultures ever known, then how can any of the Nordic languages be considered as primary? These are nothing but sterile assertions and can be easily disqualified by archaeology, anthropology, history, language, folklore, mythology and so on.
I want to make an appeal to all the Jat (Getic) communities of India, as there are thousands and thousands of clans scattered throughout this beautiful ancient land. Rumanians have certainly not forgotten who you are, your heritage and your history, that we share to this very day. You may have forgotten your original homeland from which you migrated thousands of years ago and even if some of you may have changed your religion and your habits, never forget you are Aryans and you are the members of one of the most incredible cultures to have ever existed in the history of mankind. I pray for the day when we will openly discuss this matter and unite our thoughts and hearts in the name of cultural remembrance.
For all those “experts” who use the term „Indo-European” and for those who ridiculously believe that the mother of all Indo-European languages mysteriously vanished from the face of the earth, and also for those who are still searching for this common „Indo-European” language, this is my message to you: Quod erat demonstrandum!
Article A story never told