The Kabyles | Amazigh


Kabyle women wearing specific garments and adornments (click on the picture to read the full study)

In North and Northwestern Africa, on the west side of the Nile River, live the “Berbers”, as the Arabs call them, or Kabyle, Imazighen (singular: Amazigh), Imazyen or Tamazight, as they call themselves; they number approximately 23 million people, residing in enclaves scattered throughout Libya, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Mali and Tunisia. They consider themselves to be the native people on those lands who converted to Islam in the VII century, after having practiced both Judeo-Christianity and the Ariminic Christianity for over 200 years. These people, strongly Islamized and Arabized, present a significant peculiarity: anthropologically speaking, they are connected to the populations inhabiting the Central and Eastern Europe; however, no one made time to study them and wonder why most of the Berbers resemble the populations we previously mentioned and why some of the clothes they wear have elements also encountered in the Romanian folk costumes and in the traditional clothing of the Tohari people living in the Asian part of Russia. Seeing that their history directly concerns us, I will begin rummaging through the dust of time to find the traces of the lost steps and of the calls to remembrance.

An Emesh hymn says that Enki, meaning Mother Earth, gave her son Inzak or Imzag dominion over the entire country of Dilmun. The land of Dilmun is the territory situated to the north and south of the Danube, where we can find the oldest traces of civilization and the ancient stronghold of Dimum, dating from the 4th millennium B.C. These populations were the first to use writing. The Emesh (or Sumerians as the lying rascals called them) began their migration from the Carpathian region, a historical truth which can be proved not only by the 2.982 words in the ancient Romanian, similar with the Eme-gi dialect and other 4.405 Romanian words composed of two or more phonemes, but also by the information provided by the lead plates discovered in Sinaia. Perhaps Imzag in the Emesh myth is Pelasgus or Atlas in the mythology of these lands made known through the ancient Greek writings. A semantic analysis of the word Imazighen or Imazyen reveals a piece of the true history of our people, so terribly oppressed by fate; ima: fertile earth, crowd + zig: to be thrown out, to break off, to uproot oneself, to last, sky, tall, strong + en: land, country, ancestor. Or, in the second case, ima + zyen: deity of the moon and resurrection in the Emesh and Getic mythology, also written as Zuen, Zoen, Zoin – direct reference to the legend of humankind born from Maia, daughter of the Titan Atlas, who lived in the skies together with her six other sisters. The term ,,amazigh” decomposes into ama: mother, ox + zig: to be thrown out, to break off, to uproot oneself, to last, sky, tall, strong, also alluding to a people descended from the gods through the solar bull as a totem of the first people on Earth. The word Imazighen (in Tifinagh writing: Imaziγen) is the plural form of Amaziğ, which according to the medieval scholars Ibn Hazm and Ibn Haldun would mean “father”, “leader” or “freeman”. We know a Greek version of this myth which says that Uranus, the creator of the world (Ur: origin, soul, heart, being, foundation + Anu: God) gave his son Atlas dominion over the lands situated north of the Danube and meant as eternal halidom for the People Descended from the Gods; from Atlas, this country blessed by the Heavenly Father, came to the Hyperborean or Pelasgian Japheth.

The clay plates discovered in the lands where in ancient times lived the Emesh/Sumerians, say that on the island we call today Failaka, situated east of Kuwait, there used to be a temple sacred to Imzag of Dilmun and the merchants paid homage to this deity when they returned with silver from the faraway country of Dilmun, where a round trip took two years. In the same temple they also paid homage to the goddess Nigal of Ur. To the mythological information transmitted from Antiquity, I will add below a few historical data that nobody truly understood so far.

The ancient Greeks left us a story about the legendary king Danaos or Danaus, assumed to have ruled in Argos, Peloponnese, in the beginnings of their civilization. They also tell us that this king was born in Lybia – a country that was once controlled by the famous Gaetuli – and he had a brother called Aegyptos; after the death of their father Belos, who also ruled over the lands from beyond the Nile River, the kingdom was divided between the two sons: Danaus received Lybia and Aegyptos received the land of the Nile, which he named after him. Aegyptos had fifty sons, whereas Danaos had fifty daughters and Aegyptos asked his brother to marry their children, in order to restore the old kingdom of their father. However, Danaos, suspecting that his brother had evil thoughts, put his entire kin and luggage into ships and set sail in secret to Peloponnese, where his uncle had built the stronghold of Argos, and he became king of these places due to the predictions of an oracle. During his reign, king Danaos or Danaus issued a law to change the name of the “Danaans” (meaning those he had brought with him) into Pelasgians, same as his uncle’s people and the ancient people who had built the stronghold. After Danaos’s death, the throne passed again to Gelanor, also called the Pelasgian, the former king. There are other myths which also say that the Danaans were Pelasgians, meaning the same people, but they were related to the ancient Egyptians. We encounter the same information written several times in the Torah, saying that the Philistines were brothers of the ancient Egyptians and that the Egyptians colonized Macedonia, led by the “brave” Macedo, covered in a wolf hide; his name also gave the name of the country. However, in Canaan there was the stronghold of Macedo, also known under the name of Megiddo.

In the work Description of Greece II, 19, the author Pausanias who lived during the 2nd century A.D., writes that after the death of king Danaos, the throne passed to Pelasgos, without mentioning if he was Gelanor or if this was actually the name of the new king. About these legendary facts we also have the testimony of the writer Ctesias who lived in the 5th century B.C. Ctesias tells us that a king of the Scythians (meaning of the Getae, because the Greeks called all those who lived north of the Ister Scythians) defeated the Egyptian pir-o (pharaoh) Sesostris on his own lands, retreating afterwards to his homeland.

In his work Philippic Histories, the Latin writer Trogus Pompeius, who lived in the 1st century B.C., left us a testimony that king Tanausis of the Getae (meaning the Getae who lived north of the Ister) defeated the Egyptian king Vesosis on the banks of the river Phasis (possibly a branch of the Nile River flowing into the Delta). Furthermore, the Greek historian Philo of Byblos, who lived in the 1st century A.D., wrote that the Egyptian pharaoh Sesostris came with a large army north of the Ister to subdue by sword the Getae king Tanausis or Danaus. The author says that he took this information from Sanchuniathon’s Phoenician history, written in the 12th century B.C., which he translated into Greek. Valerius Flaccus, another Latin writer who lived in the 1st century A.D., writes in Argonautica: “Sesostris was the first king to wage war upon the Getae, but terrified by the slaughter of his army, he withdrew fast to Thebes, on the banks of the Nile, accompanied by only a few of his people”, meaning that all their bravery had turned into a terrible defeat.

Click here to read the full study.

Source: Constantin Olariu Arimin | Adevăruri Ascunse (Hidden Truths)



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