Sarmizegetusa Regia, also Sarmisegetusa, Sarmisegethusa, Sarmisegethuza, Ζαρμιζεγεθούσα (Zarmizegethoúsa) or Ζερμιζεγεθούση (Zermizegethoúsē), was the capital and the most important military, religious and political center of the Dacians. The fortress was the core of the strategic defensive system in Orăştie Mountains (in present-day Romania), comprising six citadels. Sarmizegetusa Regia was the capital of Dacia prior to the wars with the Roman Empire.
Sarmisegetusa Regia is the greatest fortress of the Geto-Dacians. Sarmisegetusa means “The citadel built on a mountain peak”. It is at a height of 1200 meters, a perfect observation point. The fortress is a polygon of four sides and it was built of massive stone blocks. An amazing thing about the Dacians is that, more than 2000 years ago, they already had paved roads and sewage systems.
The sacred sanctuaries and the ingenious astronomical calendars
If you are interested in knowing more about the religion of lost civilizations, you should see the sacred zone of Sarmisegetusa Regia. The sanctuaries were built outside the citadel, on a terrace. You get to them on a paved road. The most famous sanctuaries are the Andesite Sun and The Large Circular Sanctuary.
A fascinating fact is that the Dacian people knew the secrets of astronomy. They had a very precise way to calculate time. The Andesite Sun is a surprisingly accurate calendar. This sanctuary is a circular platform with 10 rays. It can be compared to the famous Mayan calendar. It still remains a mystery the way in which it was built. The rocks were brought from very far, more than 100 km away.
In Sarmisegetusa, one could also find other objects from the times of King Decebal. Archaeologists have uncovered a burial vessel marked “Decebalus per Scorilo”. Translated from their language, it would mean Decebal, the son of Scorilo. The findings also include a large amount of gold coins with the inscription “KOSON”. There are some blocks of limestone, engraved with Greek letters.
Sarmisegetusa Regia Fortress is part of the cultural heritage of UNESCO, along with 6 other strongholds dating the same period of time. All that you have to do now is head to the Orastie Mountains and discover the amazing civilization of the Dacians.